The Well-Being Index (IBE) intends to be a measure of the quality of life and human development, with a broader scope. The well-being and human and social progress that the indicator intends to measure does not mean a higher or lower level of happiness, as this feeling is more volatile and subjective.
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Well being, quality of life and happiness
In some cases, we are happy when our club won and unhappy if it lost, without this having any relationship with the quality of life, although this can influence the feeling of happiness.
However, the level of well-being of the population must be measured in some way.
If there is no measure, it is not possible to know whether we have improved or deteriorated and, therefore, it will not be possible to know the result of measures that have been taken, nor to find ways to improve.
As I said Albert Einstein "Insofar as the propositions of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain and, insofar as they are right, they do not refer to reality".
The concept of well-being covers the material conditions of life, such as remuneration for work or economic vulnerability, but not only that!
The level of quality of life also depends on having a well-structured health, the quality of education and the environment, the level of civic and democratic participation or access to cultural and leisure activities.
Human development indicators
It is not just for the governments of countries that this indicator is important.
It also serves for citizens, in general, to be able to analyze and discuss based on something concrete and comparable.
This Well-Being Index (IBE) is complementary information to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
The GDP is related to the production of economic wealth in the country, but it does not consider issues relevant to the well-being of humanity, such as health, the quality of the environment and personal safety, among others, which allow us a level of well-being. be bigger.
They are diverse and complementary ways of analyzing and measuring the degree of development and progress of our society.
Thus, these objective indicators can help to stimulate dialogue between those who promote economic and social progress and citizens in general.
It is a useful tool for public and private decision makers, opinion leaders, government officials, researchers, the media and the general public.
Well-being and human progress index
A OECD publishes indicators of progress and human development for the countries that are part of it and some that do not belong to the Organization, such as Brazil, designated by the “Better Life Index”.
Based on data from INE and provided by Pordata, we can, in summary, show the evolution of the global well-being index.
This well-being index (IBE) is composed of two main strands of analysis, considered important for human progress.
- Material living conditions of families, with 3 domains of analysis, work, economic well-being and economic vulnerability
- Quality of life, with 7 domains of analysis, health, balance of personal and professional life, education, social relations, civic participation, personal safety and environment
Each of these 10 domains encompasses a total of 74 well-being indicators
|Years||Global well-being index||Material Conditions of Living Index||Quality of Life Index|
Thus, the global well-being index it has always improved since 2004, from 23,5 to 50,0, which was the forecast for 2019, that is, an evolution of 212%.
Both aspects, material living conditions and quality of life, have evolved well, particularly the material conditions of life.
Index of material living conditions
We found that, although globally the well-being index has improved, the aspect of material living conditions evolved from 18,1 to 48,5, a substantial increase, in this 15-year period of 268%.
It is, therefore, the biggest contributor to the global well-being index.
This index is composed of three domains: economic well-being; economic vulnerability; and work and remuneration.
However, in this aspect of material living conditions, we see that employment (work and remuneration) has had a little positive evolution, always decreasing until 2013 and, from 2014, with slight increases. It still does not reach the value of 2004.
The value is estimated at 55,4 for 2019, lower than in 2004, with 65,7.
|Years||Economic well-being||Economic vulnerability||Work and Remuneration|
Although the numbers do not say everything, there is no doubt that this negative trend is relevant and deserves our attention.
Economic vulnerability reached a minimum value in 2013 and has been recovering since 2017 with a value of 53,3 higher than the 2004 value of 49,5.
quality of life index
Another aspect of well-being, the quality of life index, improved from 26,3 to 50,7, up 193%.
Here, seven domains of analysis are encompassed, such as: a health; work-life balance; education, knowledge and skills; social relationships and subjective well-being; civic participation and governance; security personal; e environment.
|Years||Health||Life-work balance||Education, knowledge and skills||Social relations and subjective well-being||Civic participation and governance||Personal security||Environment|
The feeling of security maintains an upward trajectory and will reach 69,7 in 2019, an increase of 214% due to the trust in the various police forces and the low crime rate.
What rose the most was the indicator education, knowledge and skills from 14,0 to 47,0 (335% increase) with a consistent evolution, except in the year 2012 and the lowest increase was the indicator of work-life balance, as it has been declining since 2014, not yet reaching the value of 43,9 in 2010 (128%).
A health it is one of the fastest growing indicators, going from 24,0 in 2004 to 50,4 in 2019 (210%). It ranks 3rd in the 7 domains of quality of life.
Also the social relationships and subjective well-being they only start to rise from 2015, reaching 50,1 in 2019 (162%).
A civic participation and governance with 35,3 in 2019 notes a reasonable increase since 2004 with 17,5 (201%).
O environment has gained increasing relevance and the indicator shows an increase of 155%. Our “star indicator” with 72,6 is the 1st of these 7 domains of quality of life, whose global index is 50,7, a difference of 43%.
Human progress depends a lot on these factors.
Well-Being Index in OECD Countries
Let us now compare some indicators of the “Better Life Index” of the OECD between Portugal, Brazil and Sweden.
|Lar||Homes without basic facilities||%||1||0||6,7|
|Lar||Rooms per person||Ratio||1,7||1,7||..|
|Performance||Net disposable income adjusted to households||U.S. $||21203||31287||..|
|Performance||Household net wealth||U.S. $||232666||..||..|
|Work||insecurity labor market||%||10||3,2||..|
|Work||long term unemployment rate||%||4,43||1,12||..|
|Work||Annual salary||U.S. $||25367||42393||..|
|Community||Quality of the support structure||%||88||91||90|
|Education||school success rate||%||48||83||49|
|Education||Student competences||Average score||497||496||395|
|Education||years of education||Years||16,9||19,3||16,2|
|Environment||Air pollution||µg / m3||10||6||10|
|Civic Participation||Commitment of stakeholders to the development of regulation||Average score||1,5||2||2,2|
|Satisfaction||life satisfaction||Average score||5,4||7,3||6,4|
|Security||Feeling of security walking only at night||%||73,4||75,6||35,6|
|Family Work Balance||Excessive working hours||%||8,27||1,07||7,13|
|Family Work Balance||Leisure time and personal care||Hours||..||15,18||..|
Portugal has standards below Sweden, in terms of insecurity in the labor market, employment rate, long-term unemployment, excessive working hours and school success rate.
Brazil, with less positive indicators in basic housing facilities, homicide rate, water quality and even life expectancy.
Sweden has better indicators in labor income, water quality, air pollution, turnout and life satisfaction.
Portugal is slightly better in student skills, a good contribution to human development.
- Progress and social development, evolution in Portugal
- Human development index in Portugal
- Evolution of the HDI in Portugal
- Situation of gender inequality in Portugal
- Living in Portugal, from the perspective of foreign residents
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